Ultimate Bamboo Bonsai Tree Guide How to Grow and Take Care Of A Bamboo Bonsai

Bamboo bonsai is one of the most popular types of indoor trees. They are easy to grow and take care of, and they can be attractive additions to any home. 

There are a few things you need to keep in mind when growing a bamboo bonsai tree, including choosing the right variety, providing adequate light and water, and pruning and fertilizing it regularly.

Here in this post, I will discuss everything about how to grow and take care of a bamboo bonsai tree.  

Selecting Bamboo for Bonsai 

Selecting bamboo for bonsai can be a daunting task. There are so many varieties to choose from, and each has its own unique needs. In order to make the best decision for your bonsai, you need to understand a little bit about the different types of bamboo available.

First, there are two main types of bamboo: running and clumping. Running bamboo is invasive and can quickly take over an area. Clumping bamboo, on the other hand, stays in one place and is much less invasive. For bonsai purposes, clumping bamboo is always a better choice.

When selecting bamboo for bonsai, it is also important to select a variety that will be suitable for the size and style of bonsai you are creating. Some dwarf varieties of bamboo make good bonsai trees, while others may be too large.

Which Bamboo Species Should I Bonsai

There are many bamboo varieties to choose from when considering growing bamboo as a bonsai. Some of the more popular species are 

  • Bambusa ventricosa, 
  • Bambusa multiplex, 
  • Pleioblastus fortunei, and 
  • Pseudosasa owatarii.  

While all of these species can make excellent bonsai, each has its own unique characteristics that should be taken into account when making a decision.

Bambusa ventricosa is a versatile species that grows well in both tropical and temperate climates. It has broad leaves and produces dense clumps of culms. This species is tolerant of a wide range of soils and can withstand moderate drought conditions.

Bambusa multiplex is another versatile bamboo variety that can be grown in both tropical and temperate climates. It has narrower leaves than Bambusa ventricosa and produces less dense clumps of culms.

The Pleioblastus fortunei is a versatile bamboo that can be used for both formal and informal bonsai styles. It has thin green leaves that turn yellow in the fall. This species grows quickly, making it a good choice for beginners.

The Pseudosasa owatarii is a smaller bamboo with narrow leaves. It is ideal for creating miniature bonsai trees. This species is also hardy and easy to care for, making it a good choice for novice bonsai growers.

How to grow a Bamboo Bonsai

Positioning Your Bamboo Bonsai

There are a few things to consider when deciding where to place your bamboo bonsai. One of the most important is humidity.

Bamboo bonsai thrive in high humidity, so it’s important to place them in an area where they will get plenty of moisture. 

Outdoors is generally the best place for them where they can get 8-10 hours of sunlight, but if you live in a dry climate you may need to keep them indoors and increase the humidity with a humidifier.

Positioning your bamboo bonsai is key to its overall health and growth. If you are planning to grow your bamboo bonsai indoors, be sure to place it near a window with plenty of sunlight. They need at least 8 hours of sunlight per day. 

If getting sunlight becomes a problem use a strong artificial grow light like this to complement the light.


The ideal temperature for a bamboo bonsai tree depends on the type of bamboo. For example, some types of bamboo do well in temperatures that range from 50 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit, while others prefer warmer temperatures between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. 

It is important to research the specific type of bamboo before you select a location for your bonsai tree.

bamboo bonsai care

What type of soil is best for Bamboo Bonsai?

The type of soil you choose for your Bamboo Bonsai is important because the wrong type of soil can lead to poor growth or even death of the tree. A loamy soil that is slightly acidic and has good drainage is best for Bamboo Bonsai. 

You can also use Akadama, a type of clay that is used in bonsai cultivation, it helps to retain moisture and nutrients.

Fertilizing Your Bamboo Bonsai

The bonsai you purchased is a beautiful, miniature tree. Like any other plant, it will need fertilizer to grow and thrive. Fertilizing your bonsai is important for two reasons: to provide the nutrients the tree needs, and to help keep the soil balanced.

A balanced fertilizer is best for bamboo. Whenever possible choose liquid fertilizers to fertilize the bonsai. They are easy to apply and you have more control over the amount. 

Apply fertilizer once a month, during the spring and summer months when the tree is growing actively. Be careful not to over-fertilize; too much fertilizer can damage or even kill your bonsai.

Follow the instructions on the package, and test the soil pH every few months to make sure it stays in the range of 6-7 pH.

How much water does a Bamboo Bonsai need?

A Bamboo Bonsai needs water to stay alive, but how much and how often depends on a few factors.

The time of year can make a difference in how often to water a Bamboo Bonsai. In the summer, they will need more water than in the winter. Another factor is the type of soil used. A heavier soil will hold more water than light soil.

Watering a Bamboo Bonsai is simple, but it’s important to do it correctly. Water when the top two inches of soil are dry. 

It’s best to water the plant thoroughly, then wait until the topsoil is dry before watering again. 

A Bamboo Bonsai is a fast-growing tree and the soil dries out quickly. So you need to water them frequently, at least once a day in the summer. 

How often do I need to prune my Bamboo Bonsai?

When it comes to pruning bamboo bonsai trees, there are a few things you need to know. For one, bamboo trees grow denser and faster than most other tree varieties, so you will need to prune them more often. 

Start by removing any dead or damaged branches with sharp scissors. Then, take a look at the shape of the tree and decide which branches need to be trimmed. 

Cut back the longest branches to create a denser tree. Leave smaller branches and buds alone so new growth will be encouraged. 

Try to keep the tree shaped like a natural bamboo stalk, with few horizontal branches. Remove any suckers that grow from the trunk or from the roots; these will only steal energy from the main trunk. 

Finally, use sharp scissors to cut the branches at an angle, just above a leaf node. This will help promote new growth and create a fuller tree. 

For a bamboo bonsai, pruning is the key to maintaining a dense, fast-growing tree. You can trim the leaves all year round, and trim roots once a year.

Styling Your Bamboo Bonsai:

One of the benefits of keeping a bamboo bonsai is that you don’t need to wire the bamboo. The bamboo will naturally grow in the desired direction. You will still need to trim and shape the bamboo, but you won’t have to use wire.

Bamboo bonsai trees typically do not need wiring. They are generally styled in the traditional forest or group planting style. There are no other practical ways to style a bamboo bonsai tree.


Bamboo bonsai trees should be repotted every 1-2 years, depending on the rate of root growth. When the roots have filled the pot and are starting to grow out of the drainage holes, it’s time to repot. If the tree is growing quickly, it may need to be repotted more often than once a year.

When repotting a bamboo bonsai tree, be sure to use a pot that is only slightly larger than the current pot. This will help encourage root growth. After repotting, water thoroughly and keep the tree in a sunny location until new growth appears.


Bamboo plants can be propagated by taking cuttings from the culms of the bamboo plant. New shoots will form at the nodes of the bamboo stem. To propagate a bamboo plant, cut a section of stem that has two or more nodes. 

Remove any leaves from the lower half of the cutting and dip it in rooting hormone powder. Place the cutting in a container filled with moist potting soil. 

Keep the soil moist and place the container in a sunny location. The new bamboo plant will grow roots and eventually become an independent plant.

Can you grow bamboo from seeds?

Though it is possible to grow bamboo from seeds, it is rarely done. Bamboo seeds do not have a high germination rate, so it is not a reliable method to propagate the tree.

Common Bamboo Bonsai Pests and Diseases

Bamboo is not very susceptible to pests, but there are a few things to watch out for. Aphids and spider mites can be a problem, as well as mealybugs and scale. If you keep an eye on your plants and deal with any problems quickly, you should be able to avoid any major issues.

One of the benefits of growing bamboo bonsai is that it is relatively disease free. However, there are a few things to watch out for. Bacterial blight and fungal root rot can both be a problem, so make sure to keep an eye on your plants and water them properly.


Growing and taking care of a bamboo bonsai tree is not difficult, but does require some patience and regular care. By following the tips in this article, you can create a beautiful and healthy bamboo bonsai tree that will last for many years. 

I hope this post was helpful to you. If you find the information useful feel free to share it with others too.