Types of Ficus Bonsai Trees: With Bonus Tips on Ficus Bonsai Care

Ficus are among the most popular trees for bonsai because they’re easy to grow and affordable. They’re easy to care for and provide a large amount of beautiful, healthy foliage. A good variety of Ficus is also suitable for bonsai.

There are many different types of ficus bonsai trees, each with its own unique style. Whether you’re looking for a traditional Japanese tree or something a little more contemporary, there’s a type of ficus bonsai tree that’s perfect for you.

Ficus Species Best Suitable For Bonsai Creation:

There are many types of ficus trees that can be used to make bonsai. All of these trees have unique features that make them perfect candidates for bonsai, such as their small size and flexibility.

Following are some of the most popular ficus bonsai trees that are ideal for bonsai creation:

Ficus benjamina:

Ficus benjamina bonsai is a popular and successful tree to grow as a bonsai. It originated in Asia and is a well-known large evergreen tree with dense, dark green foliage and glossy leaves that gradually turn red in autumn.

The tree has many characteristics that make it an ideal candidate for bonsai, such as its ability to adapt to a variety of conditions and its low maintenance requirements. Although it is an evergreen ficus bonsai tree, Ficus benjamina can be grown anywhere that has at least some humidity levels and plenty of light. 

F. benjamina is also a fast-growing plant, which makes it the perfect choice for someone looking for a short-term project. You can grow Ficus benjamina both indoors as well as outdoors. 

Ficus rubiginosa

Rusty fig or Ficus rubiginosa, is an evergreen ficus bonsai tree that is native to eastern Australia. It has thick trunks and aerial roots that make it a popular choice for bonsai. The leaves are dark green and shiny with a red petiole. 

Ficus rubiginosa is best suited indoors but can be grown outdoors in zones 9-11.

Ficus neriifolia

The Ficus neriifolia is a popular bonsai species because of its naturally small leaves and canopy-shaped bonsai. The bark color is also a popular feature of this species. The color can vary from light brown to red.

Ficus microcarpa 

Ficus microcarpa is a small species of fig tree that is popular for growing as a bonsai. This tree has beautiful, glossy leaves and produces figs that are similar in size to small berries. 

Ficus microcarpa is easy to care for and you can keep them both indoors and outdoors. F microcarpa is a versatile choice for bonsai enthusiasts of all levels of experience.

Ficus benghalensis:

The Ficus benghalensis, or the Bengal fig, is a large evergreen tree found in the Indian subcontinent. It can grow up to 50 feet tall and has huge canopies of dark-green leaves. 

This evergreen ficus bonsai tree is suitable for both indoors and outdoors and is popular for its bonsai culture. It has a distinctive, silvery-white bark. 

Ficus carica (Fig Tree Bonsai):

Ficus carica is a species of flowering plant in the family Moraceae, native to western Asia and the Mediterranean region. They are also referred to as the fig tree. 

The fruit of this plant is edible, and the sap can be used as a natural remedy for skin problems. 

Ficus carica grows best outdoors. 

Ficus retusa:

The Ficus retusa is very popular among bonsai enthusiasts. It is native to Southeast Asia, where it grows as a shrub or small tree. The Ficus Retusa has a distinctive s-curved trunk and dark green oval leaves. 

It is an excellent indoor bonsai tree and can be kept indoors year-round. 

The leaves of the Ficus Retusa are thicker than those of other fig trees, making it a good choice for bonsai cultivation.

Ficus salicifolia:

The Willow Leaf Fig (Ficus salicifolia) is a small tree that is popular for use in bonsai. It has narrow leaves and aerial roots that give it a unique appearance. 

This tree does well in a variety of climates and is easy to care for. The Ficus salicifolia is a popular choice for bonsai enthusiasts because of its small size and easy care requirements. 

How to grow ficus bonsai Some Essential tips

Different Types of Ficus Bonsai Trees

Ficus bonsai is one of the most popular types of bonsai, and for good reason. They are a beautiful and unique type of tree that can be grown indoors or outdoors. If you’re new to ficus bonsai, here are some essential tips to help you get started: 

1. Choose the right tree. There are many different ficus bonsai types, so it’s important to choose the right one for your skill level and space. 

2. Plant the tree correctly. Choose a good location for your ficus bonsai. The plant will need plenty of light, but avoid direct sunlight during the hottest parts of the day.

3. Watering 

Ficus bonsai need to be watered regularly, especially when they are actively growing during the spring and summer. The best way to water them is to soak the soil until it is wet all the way through, and then allow it to dry out a bit before watering again. They can also be watered with a spray bottle or mister.

4. Fertilizing 

Ficus bonsai need to be fertilized regularly in order to grow healthy and strong. A good fertilizer for bonsai trees is one that is high in nitrogen, such as 10-10-10. Fertilize every two weeks in the spring and summer, and once a month in the fall and winter.

5. Pruning and wiring

Pruning and wiring are two essential techniques for shaping a ficus bonsai. Pruning helps to control the size and shape of the tree, while wiring helps to create desired curves in the branches. 

6. Repot your ficus bonsai every two years, during which time you should replace the soil and trim the roots properly.


There are many different types of ficus bonsai trees that you can choose from. Each type has its own unique features and benefits. When choosing a ficus bonsai tree, be sure to consider the size, shape, and style that you want.

You can make a ficus bonsai tree by using a cutting from a ficus tree, or by growing a ficus bonsai from seeds, 

Ficus bonsai trees are easy to grow and maintain. With a little bit of care and attention, you can create a beautiful and healthy bonsai tree that will bring you years of enjoyment.

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